Chukhloma lake is a unique wetland in the taiga zone of the European part of Russia. Of glacial origin, it is approximately 12-25 thousand years old. About seventeen rivers flow into the lake, and one river, the Veksa, flows out of it. On its low-lying shores the lake is hemmed in by black alder forests and fens. In some spots the shores feature steep moraine hill, dissected by erosion, as well as birch and aspen spruce forests and grasslands. The lake is of great importance both for the regulation of water resources of the river Veksa and for the basin of the river Kostroma. Essentially, riparian forests perform a water protection and anti-erosion function.
People have lived on the shores of Lake Chukhloma since time out of mind. The largest site of the first settlers to date has been uncovered in the vicinity of Feodorovskoye village, on the left bank of the Veksa. It dates back to the first millennium B.C. Archeological excavations at the site continue even today.
Truly, this jewel of Kostromskaya Oblast’ might strike one as a bottomless blue bowl, resting on the high or fenny shores of the lake. At the bottom of the lake lie rich sapropel deposits, up to ten
meters deep. Over the years, the lake has acquired a lot of commercial value and has never failed to please the local community and visitors with a fish dish on the table.
Chukhloma Lake is home to the golden crucian. It may be so big in size and so varied in shape, that seasoned fishermen has dubbed it ‘bast shoe’. Its size and growth rates are amazing, indeed. The lake is home to other valuable commercial fish species, too, such as carp (extremely rare today), tench, ide, perch, ruff and pike.
Visitors may choose to appreciate the beauty of the lake either from the observation deck at Arinino village or in the park of Chukhloma. However, on a warm summer evening there’s nothing to compare to a romantic boat ride, to admire the sunset, and contemplate the quiet flow of provincial life in its natural beauty.