The Elk Farm of Sumarokovo

The elk farm of Sumarokovo is a unique natural reserve, which demonstrates the ecologically clean nature of Kostroma region. Nowadays the elk farm of Kostroma is the only permanent producer of elk milk in Russia. Located close to the region centre, it attracts attention of the public, tourists, scientists and businesspeople not only in Russia, but also from abroad.

Since its start, the farm has been the test area for scientific researches in the field of domestication, reproduction and usage of the elk, studying its biology, which is not possible in wild nature.

The farm gives an opportunity to watch elk life in the conditions most closely resembling the natural ones. Here man has managed to tame the forest giants that are not afraid of communicating with guests. Quite the contrary, they take their favourite dainty, carrots, letting people stroke them in return.

Each grown-up elk has a wireless transmitter, so it is easy to find it in the forest.

At the end of spring, it is possible to observe newborn elk cubs that are hand-fed by the caring farm workers.

A visit to the elk farm of Sumarokovo lets you not only enjoy the wild nature, but also try the salubrious elk milk that can cure many illnesses.

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The wooden palace in the village of Astashovo

The wooden palace near Kostroma was built by Martyan Sazonov at the end of the 19th century.

The original drawings of the wooden palace belonged to a well-known architect Ivan Ropet, the founder of the Russian Revival in architecture. According to the legend, he designed it as a hunting lodge for the Russian Tsar Nicholas II. However, Sazonov was so ingenious and persuasive that he convinced the architect to give him that project. Later, the wooden palace became Sazonov’s wedding gift for his young wife.

Today is a restoration of the wooden palace.

Chukhloma Lake

Chukhloma lake is a unique wetland in the taiga zone of the European part of Russia. Of glacial origin, it is approximately 12-25 thousand years old. About seventeen rivers flow into the lake, and one river, the Veksa, flows out of it. On its low-lying shores the lake is hemmed in by black alder forests and fens. In some spots the shores feature steep moraine hill, dissected by erosion, as well as birch and aspen spruce forests and grasslands. The lake is of great importance both for the regulation of water resources of the river Veksa and for the basin of the river Kostroma. Essentially, riparian forests perform a water protection and anti-erosion function.

People have lived on the shores of Lake Chukhloma since time out of mind. The largest site of the first settlers to date has been uncovered in the vicinity of Feodorovskoye village, on the left bank of the Veksa. It dates back to the first millennium B.C. Archeological excavations at the site continue even today.

Truly, this jewel of Kostromskaya Oblast’ might strike one as a bottomless blue bowl, resting on the high or fenny shores of the lake. At the bottom of the lake lie rich sapropel deposits, up to ten

meters deep. Over the years, the lake has acquired a lot of commercial value and has never failed to please the local community and visitors with a fish dish on the table.

Chukhloma Lake is home to the golden crucian. It may be so big in size and so varied in shape, that seasoned fishermen has dubbed it ‘bast shoe’. Its size and growth rates are amazing, indeed. The lake is home to other valuable commercial fish species, too, such as carp (extremely rare today), tench, ide, perch, ruff and pike.

Visitors may choose to appreciate the beauty of the lake either from the observation deck at Arinino village or in the park of Chukhloma. However, on a warm summer evening there’s nothing to compare to a romantic boat ride, to admire the sunset, and contemplate the quiet flow of provincial life in its natural beauty.

St. Avraam Gorodetsky Monastery

St. Avraam Pokrovsky Monastery, located in Nozhkino village on a steep bank overlooking the deep blue Chukhloma Lake near Kostroma, is a male monastery that belongs to the diocese of the Russian Orthodox Сhurch. The monastery was founded in the 14th century by Reverend Avraam Chukhlomskoy, a disciple of St. Sergius of Radonezh, founder of the Trinity Monastery and a patron saint of Russia.

It was the first stone temple built in the Northern part of the Kostroma region. The relics of Avraam are buried under the temple’s wall. A silver reliquary, which is an authentic piece of jewelry and art, was erected over the place where Avraam’s relics are kept.[:fr]Le monastère Avraamïevo Gorodetsky est un monastère appartenant au Diocèse de l’église orthodoxe russe qui est situé au bord du lac Tchukhloma dans le village de Nozhkino de la région de Kostroma.

Le monastère a été fondé au XIVè siècle par le Révérend Avraamiy de Tchukhloma, disciple de Serge de Radonège.

La construction en pierre dans le monastère a commencé au début du XVII siècle. En 1608 on a mis la première pierre de la cathédrale de l’Intercession de la Vierge qui abritait les reliques de Saint Avraamiy.

En 1808 pour renfermer les reliques on a installé dans le monastère une châsse en argent et en cuivre. Mais déjà en 1895 les paysans de Tchukhloma qui exerçaient un travail saisonnier à Saint-Petersbourg ont ramassé la somme necessaire pour faire une nouvelle châsse entièrement en argent qui est devenu un rare et précieux exemple de l’orfèvrerie de l’époque.

Au-dessus du puits creusé par Saint Avraamiy il y avait une chapelle en bois. Chaque année une grande procession des croyants se rendait vers cet endroit miraculeux. Selon les croyances l’eau du puits possède des vertus curatives.